Passion red. Imperial red. Fire red. But also cherry red, blood red, brick red. Perceptions of red range from cultural values to natural phenomena. The Emperor Constantine wore scarlet red boots, while Saint Ambrose wore the Tyrian purple. Red are the dresses of brides in India and so are ripe cherries, a clear invitation to be picked and eaten. We commonly speak of ruby red, lacquer red, Pompeian red, orange red.

Special Edition

A tribute to Enzo Mari. A special re-edition in brick red launched last Christmas. Museo is the name of the wall coat hanger designed for Zanotta in 1991 by the Novaraborn master. A single element in scratch-resistant painted steel.

> zanotta.it

There is the Red Square and the cardinal red. It is often the matter that defines the exact shade. And depending on the percentages of yellow or purple in the red our eyes can see, the hue we perceive releases more or less dynamic force, positive or negative energy. To better understand the nature of this wide chromatic palette, we talked about it with Francesca Valan, professor of Industrial Design also specialized in CMF (Colours, Materials, Finishes) Design.

Mission to Mars

The red planet - the name comes from the ferric oxide that covers it - is very popular today. A NASA project, which has been in progress for months, is looking for signs of ancient microbial life on the celestial body. The Rover Spacecraft, which departed from Florida last summer, landed on the Jezero Crater on February 18, 2021. Equipped with a sophisticated drill, it is collecting samples of Martian soil and rock.

> https://mars.nasa.gov/

Geometries on the carpet

The Teorema Collection by Elisa Ossino suggests a graphic approach in a three dimensional research with the precise combination of geometric figures. The producer is Amini, an ABC brand. The company manufactures and markets from contemporary rugs to refined limited edition, from bespoke to large supplies for public spaces.

> amini.it

A timeless hue, red is an iconic colour. Popular in all cultures, it changes shades, but it goes well with other colours, whether glossy such as lacquer or opaque such as terracotta.

In order to define the red colour, where should we start from?

When we analyse a colour we must distinguish the iconic ones from the syntactic ones. Among the iconic ones we find the functional colours (e.g. that of the fire extinguisher), the historical ones - colours that have established themselves over time (e.g. Ferrari red) - and the material ones that are specific to a material and can be real, imitative or evocative. For example, if we talk about brick red, we are not referring to a colour, but to a material, terracotta. The definition goes beyond the concept of colour and therefore has a very strong, material iconic value. It goes beyond colour. From the colour of terracotta we can also trace the region of origin and the period of its production. The cladding that architect Giovanni Muzio chose for the Palazzo della Triennale in Milan, on the other hand, is an imitative material: klinker. His choice has a precise link with the construction tradition of our country and a dialectical reference with the nearby Castello Sforzesco. The imitative colours instead, take their inspiration from original materials.

Some reds refer to specific geographical areas. Can you give us some examples?

Middle Eastern rugs mainly contain many shades of red. This depends on the root of Rubia tinctorum, a plant of Asian origin. It is used to dye fabrics and in particular wool. Shellac, on the other hand, is a resin extracted from kerria lacca, the cochineal of lacquer, which grows in the Indian subcontinent, Southeast Asia, southern regions of China and Japan. The red-brown hue of hennacomes from the leaves of lawsonia inermis, a plantknown since ancient times especially in its area of origin, the Middle East, but is also found in India and North Africa where it is used for temporary tattoos. We also perceive the planet Mars red for a specific reason: many rocks on its surface are rich in iron and their exposure to the air oxidizes them and become reddish.

Today, many fashion and design collections feature a warm red. Why this choice?

In these unstable times we prefer to surround ourselves with things that last over time. We are looking for sustainable, classic, easy to combine objects. Iconic colours, such as red, are timeless hues. Warm red is found in all cultures, the hue changes a little depending on the geographical area, but goes well with other colours, whether glossy like lacquer or opaque like terracotta.

A teapot for each tea

In China, tea making is an art. For this reason, enthusiasts invest many yuan to buy a Yixing teapot made of purple clay, a precious material whose extraction is limited and requires 30 years before its processing. Each Yixing teapot (in the picture a specimen of a Yuan Weixin) absorbs the scents of the teas prepared inside, preserving the aromas, it releases in future infusions.

> easternleaves.co

Gio Ponti Limited Edition

Vincenzo Campo only publishes texts that he would like to read. For this reason, in 2009, following his passion for typography, he set up the Henry Beyle publishing house. Short texts composed in monotype and printed on fine papers in limited edition make up a catalog divided into sixteen series. Fresh off the press are Cuoche e Cucina by Gio Ponti, from the Notebooks of prose and invention series It is a reflection on the related living space from the original drawings. According to the tradition, the volume indicates the paper, the font and the printing of the chosen character.


Slow Motion

Studying the boundaries between art and design, form and function, Aldo Bakker created a series of pieces presented in Paris. Given the Covid-19 restrictions, the Carpenters Workshop Gallery has published Slow Motion, the first on-line exhibition of the Dutch designer and artist. Ten stone works interact with pieces made of Urushi, a traditional Japanese lacquer used to protect objects making them stronger and more vibrant in colour with aging. Objects to be appreciated slowly.

> www.carpentersworkshopgallery.com/viewing-room/slow-motion/

Daytime rabbit

For the artist Tina Oelker, the wild hare is a symbol of change and awareness, a sort of animal guide. Since 2001, she has portrayed more than 1,000 specimens, which next March will feature in the volume Hares and Gods. The publication includes paintings, poems, drawings, photographs, memoirs and some secrets to look into the connection between brown hare, Greek mythology and today's society. 256 pages, text in English and German.Image title: Tageshase # 0854

> VIDEO --> www.youtube.com/watch?v=IhYpYJCmmpw&feature=youtu.be SITE --> archivio.vicomagistretti.it

Vico's Studio

In the Milan of the eighteenth century houses were mainly in red bricks. The architect and designer Vico Magistretti was inspired by that historic colour when designing the Milanese House in Via Conservatorio in 1963/66. Here the Master opened his studio, which since 2010 has been the seat of the Foundation bearing the same name. A precious address for those who want to learn more about the designer's thought and activity thanks to its well organized archive. Today also online. Themed exhibitions and conferences are regularly organized.

> www.vicomagistretti.it > www.archivio.vicomagistretti.it/magistretti

Powerhouse Art

In Brooklyn NY, along the Gowanu canal, there is a power plant designed in 1904 by Thomas Edward Murray that has been abandoned since 1950. Under the guidance of the Swiss firm Herzog & de Meuron, the 16,000 square meters are being renovated together with the redevelopment of the area. Power House Art will be a non-profit multifunctional cultural space consisting of workshops, artists' ateliers and spaces exhibition. Stay Tuned!

> www.herzogdemeuron.com/index.html

Glass Nudes

Imaginative graphic designer, illustrator, caricaturist, designer, Fulvio Bianconi is one of the most prolific artists of the Venini glassworks in the 1950s. Last September an exhibition curated by Marino Barovier at the Cini Foundation on the island of San Giorgio Maggiore in Venice was dedicated to his art. The exhibition was part of the long-standing cultural project Le Stanze del Vetro for the study and enhancement of the glass art of the twentieth and twenty-first centuries.

> www.lestanzedelvetro.org

Drawing Colors

Raw Color is the Eindhoven-based studio of Christoph Brach and Daniera ter Haar. Their activity focuses on the different uses of colour in Graphic Design, photography and product design. In collaboration with Kvadrat, a Scandinavian leader in textile design innovation, they have created Planum, a fabric consisting of a double knit with a wool surface. Analysing and hand reproducing the colours of everyday objects, they selected twenty colours from the three hundred and fifty samples drawn. To allow an interactive encounter with Planum fabrics they then set up the installation Chroma Columns - kinetic columns - that can also be used as space dividers. > www.rawcolor.nl > www.kvadrat.dk > www.febrik.com

So strong, so thin

Rectangular, round, oval but above all robust. It is the Ipalyss washbasin, created thanks to the innovative Diamatec technique, an exclusive blend of alumina and chamotte, conceived by Ideal Standard to allow designers to create highly complex projects. In addition to white and silk white, the ultra-thin washbasin designed by Studio Levien comes in twelve new ceramic shades for wider customization of the bathroom.

> www.idealstandard.it

As it used to be

The chest is the ancestor of all chest furniture. Giuseppe Arezzi, born in 1993, starts from here to design Hopper (It's Great Design). Made in steel sheet, 1.5 mm thick, it is designed for outdoor and indoor, as single or double seat.

> www.giuseppearezzi.com > www.greatdesign.fr

Lacquer, what a passion!

Kazuhide Takahama created for Cassina's Simon Collection, the Antella console that, if necessary, can be transformed into an elliptical table. The structure painted with a mirror or matte glossy finish evokes the ancient tradition of Japanese Urushi lacquering.

> www.cassina.com/it

Amphorae from the caucasus

In Lenzuolo Bianco, a town on the border between Italy and Slovenia, the indigenous grapes are used to turn the dream of an authentically territorial wine into reality. Everything, from the vineyard to the cellar, is governed by the rhythms and ways of nature, reducing processing to the logic of human "not-doing". This is the raison d'être of the wines produced by Joško Gravner. To taste.

> www.gravner.it

Geometric perfection

Modernist strictly follows the geometric structure of the rectangle. A refined project with a classic twist, this sofa designed by Levian for Moroso has been inspired by bespoke men's suits: impeccably sewn garments, with a refined taste for materials and details. The light padding has been softened by the use of buttons that recall the capitonnè workmanship.

> www.moroso.it

Light at work

Conceived as a table lamp by the architect Vincent Van Duysen, Oblique is robust and compact, producing a beam of light that covers more than one meter of surface. Flos' latest innovation is equipped with wireless charging for smartphones and USB-C input for other desktop devices.

> www.flos.com

Hand-woven Jacquard

In the setting of the Gulf of Tigullio, in Zoagli, since 1849 the Cordani silk factory has been producing hand-woven textiles on ancient wooden looms. The smooth and textured silk velvets are made with organzine yarns and embellished with pure gold and silver weft. The historical collection of about 80 Jacquard designs is periodically updated with new creations also on request. No shortage of royal customers.

> www.tessiturecordani.it

REM Phase

Society Limonta Home Collection is the Italian brand that is revolutionizing household linen. The historic textile company, founded in the late nineteenth century, offers 100% linen sets, among which, we should bear in mind Rem, a sheet soft to the touch and modernized in colours. The froissé cloth is one of the evergreen materials of the Lombardy-based company.

> www.societylimonta.com

Rust and power

Susan Bijl's shopping bags are made from 100% recycled ripstop nylon. They replace the common plastic bags, are simple and resistant, and come in two sizes: medium to carry by hand or large on the shoulder. They hold over 20 kg.

> www.susanbijl.nl

The beauty of tradition

Made of perforated brushed leather on the top and sides, the Maison Margiela lace-up Oxford shoes are characterized by the iconic Tabi cut - inspired by the traditional Japanese socks of the same name of the 15th century - at the tip of the foot. The back is embellished with the unmistakable white stitching. Exclusively Made in Italy.

> www.maisonmargiela.com

The museum of Imperial Kiln

In the heart of Jingdezhen, China, the production and export of porcelain is an ancient business. To remember the old kilns, Studio Zhu-Pei has created a museum that takes up the shape of the chimneys, however laying them horizontally. Thus, a new landscape was born that recalls the old buildings hosting the kilns, which were periodically demolished to guarantee thermal performance. The Imperial Kiln Museum, a must visit!

> www.studiopeizhu.com